Pressure vessels exist in almost every urban and modern society but usually are not seen by the general public. Industrial pressure vessels are essential for many industries and ensure continuous processing and manufacturing. In other words, they are a requirement for many reasons and have a direct impact on a company’s economic well-being. With this complex interaction ongoing, it is easy to assume that pressure vessels are similar in purpose and layout when actually, there are three common types, and all these are found for different applications in industries and businesses.
There are specialized pressure vessels like regeneration vessels and reactors; however, most correspond to the three common types.
These are the most common of all pressure vessels required for the industrial process. These typically correspond to either the horizontal or vertical shape, although some spherical storage vessels are in use. Primarily used to keep liquids, these pressure vessels come in different sizes and provides a safe way to store different types of liquid. Based on the product to be saved, they are assembled using various elements, with carbon steel being the most common material.
The second most common type, and nearly as common as storage vessels, is the heat exchanger. They are found in almost every industry, from foodservice to industrial plants, making modern processing and manufacturing possible. It’s widely known to be warm, by its very nature, and is consequently reused by manufacturing plants to store the liquid in a warm temperature. The heat exchanger performance depends on the material selected during its production. Carbon steel is a common material, but generally, more stringent alloys are used to ensure durability and proper functioning.
Quite Simply, process vessels are all components in which various processes are performed. Such as breaking or combining a product, eliminating a variety of aspects of a product, and more. They usually work in conjunction with other vessel types. Process vessels are specialized designs for a particular process and might require unique material during their construction.
The above three common types could be further characterized by their functions and other aspects. What is crucial for industries is that they should choose what is ideal for their process, have a proper design, and quality construction. A deficiency in any of these can lead to severe challenges for both the company’s end objective and operational process.